Indigenous Place Names of North America (IPNNA)

(Including cultural and linguistic background to place names online)

Malheru NWR- Burns, Oregon, USA

Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (near Burns, Oregon and Burns Paiute Tribe USA)



Lakeport, California, Language, Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians, (Big Valley Rancheria received a three year ANA Grant to preserve and promote the Eastern Pomo Language spoken on the Big Valley Rancheria.)

Laytonville, California, See Links, Cahto Language Website, Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria

Santa Ynez, California, Samala Chumash Language Tutorial, Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians

Santa Rosa, California, Kashia Band of Pomo Indians, Language Index, (Kashaya language speakers, also called Southwestern Pomo, are members of the Pomoan language family, a group of seven languages that has a real spread in North-Central California and the adjacent strip of Pacific coast.)


Santa Ynez, California, Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, Chumash Placenames Still Surviving, (Over 40 Chumash placenames still survive in Chumash territory, as the names of rivers, creeks, canyons, mountains, towns and even a street.)



Native Names Project, Coeur d' Alene Tribe GIS Program




Littleton, Maine, Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians, The University of New Brunswick has an English-Maliseet dictionary, which you can view for reference to landscape place names. This dictionary is now available in both this electronic edition and in a hardcover book. The online version has over 16,500 entries. The book has over 18,000.




Salish-Pend d'Oreille Placenames Signs along U.S. Highway 93, 32 minutes, 2008, Salish-Pend d'Oreille Cultural Committee, Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes, Flathead Indian Reservation, CSKT, PO Box 550, St. Ignatius, Montana, 59865. See tribal website.




The official website of the Cherokee Nation,, is complex and wide ranging in important detail about the Cherokee. In terms of place names, there is one website page listing downloads for audio in the basic Cherokee language such as the pronunciation of town names in the Cherokee Nation. See . Also, there is a an English/Cherokee Lexicon or word list of over 7,000 words in which one could research Cherokee place names. See .



Willamette Valley, Kalapuya Talking Stones, Lane County, Oregon

Southeast Oregon, Burns Paiute, Harney County, Oregon

Northeast Oregon,"Restoring Our Names": A Native view from The Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR)

Columbia Basin, Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla, Umatilla County, Oregon [Under Review]


Burns, Oregon, Words and Legends, Burns Paiute Tribe

Coos, Bay, Oregon, Culture, Language,Word list (environment), Confederated Tribes of the Coos

Siletz, Oregon, Heritage, Maps, Language, Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians




Sacred Land Film Project. More than a film project. Earth Island Institute's Sacred Land Film Project produces a variety of educational media to deepen public understanding of sacred places, indigenous cultures and environmental justice. For the last decade they have focused on the production and distribution of the documentary film, In The Light of Reverence. Currently they developing a four-part series on sacred places around the world, entitled Losing Sacred Ground to air on public television after late 2011.


International and Area Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative




Phil Kessinger, (1995)2010

ipnna at

Burns, Oregon USA

All Rights Reserved

Februrary 17, 2011